PARIS. Iran needs to buy some two million tonnes of milling wheat in the next few months after having already imported three million so far this year, a member of the French grain exporters’ lobby said, as the country dodges sanctions to shop for wheat at a frantic pace.
Iran has ordered a large part of its expected yearly wheat requirement in a little over one month and has paid a premium in non-dollar currencies to work around western sanctions and avoid social unrest.
“According to the people we spoke to at the Iranian millers chamber, three million tonnes of wheat has arrived since the start of the year,” an official with France Export Cereals said.
Members of the industry group were in Iran last week to promote French wheat through a technical seminar with over 140 millers and bakers. It was the sixth seminar of the kind in Teheran.
“They (the Iranians) estimate their needs at a total five million tonnes,” with the additional imports over the next few months, the official added. Official tenders and traders’ reports show that the Iranian government and private buyers have purchased over two million tonnes of bread wheat from Germany, Canada, Brazil, Australia, Russia, Kazakhstan and even the United States, but the exact volumes and delivery dates are not clear.
Iran also has approached Pakistan and India, but doubts have been expressed over whether the barter deals announced will be reached. Iran’s import needs depend on the progression of its own harvest, which started early last month in the southern part of the country and should last until September.
Some European traders questioned the lobby’s figure of three million tonnes already imported, saying it could not be matched by exporting countries’ shipping data. “Deliveries are not working that well,” one said. “I doubt there is already three million tonnes in the country.”
Traders said the Middle Eastern country’s total needs this season could reach as much as eight million tonnes.
Food shipments are not targeted under western sanctions aimed at Iran’s disputed nuclear programme, but financial measures have frozen Iranian firms out of much of the global banking system.
The French lobby official said that state buyers he met explained that GTC (Government Trading Corporation) purchases made in recent months were linked to a shortage of feed grains - maize, barley and feed wheat - as the sanctions made it difficult for private buyers to find supplies.
“A lot of (milling) wheat was used to feed animals at the cost of human food. As a result GTC was forced to react and buy milling wheat on the world market to ensure supplies,” he said.
“They did not give us the feeling of trying to build extraordinary stocks but rather to react to feed grain supply difficulties due to financial sanctions,” he said, adding that GTC officials did not seem worried about obtaining supplies.
Iranian officials told the French delegation that they were seeking to maintain a sufficient level of wheat stocks, because the country had imported little wheat last season and did not want to have to deal with a shortage. The French lobby said Iranians had cited 3.5 million tonnes as an estimate for these stocks, while traders say this is a minimum now while trade financing is difficult.
“Iranians are constantly buyers,” one trader said. “The harvest will be normal. Why would they want to buy so much if it wasn’t for building stocks, and as soon as possible?”
Iran has a large livestock farming sector and needs to import grain to feed its population. Its wheat harvest is expected to reach 14 million tonnes, which would be within the average of 13-15 million tonnes, the French official said. Last month, the United Nations’ food agency FAO had said Iran’s 2012 wheat output would probably fall below 2011 levels to 13.5 million tonnes, hit by erratic rainfall in the main wheat producing areas.